The Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale (PRAS)

Over the past month, how often have you experienced the following?
Please tick the response that most closely describes your experience for every question.
1. I worry about unnecessary interventions (e.g. forceps during delivery)
2. I worry that I will tear or need to be cut during the birth
3. I feel afraid of the invasiveness of childbirth
4. During childbirth, I am worried about being restrained in some way and not able to move
5. I fear I may be harmed during the birth
6. I fear losing control of my body during labour
7. I feel good with the way I look.
8. I feel unattractive
9. When I look in the mirror, I feel unhappy
10. I feel scared that I will never regain my figure
11. I worry that my husband/partner doesn’t find me attractive
12. I feel prepared for childbirth
13. When I think of childbirth, I know that I will cope with the pain
14. I feel confident that I will be fine during childbirth
15. I worry about not knowing what the baby wants when it cries
16. I worry that I won’t do a good job as a mother
17. I worry about caring for my baby once I am home
18. I look forward to meeting my baby
19. This pregnancy is very much wanted
20. My husband/partner and I are very much looking forward to this baby
21. Sometimes I feel panicked for no reason
22. At times, my worries seem to snowball
23. My worries interfere with my daily activities
24. I feel content
25. I know the midwives/doctors will be friendly
26. I know that midwives/doctors will be kind and helpful
27. I know that I can ask the midwives/doctors anything
28. I may consider a caesarian to avoid a vaginal birth
29. I often think a caesarian is better than vaginal birth
30. I think that caesarian birth is safer than a vaginal birth
31. I worry about what I will do if my baby is not normal
32. I worry about having a sick or disabled baby
33. I constantly worry that something will be physically wrong with my baby

Brunton, R. J. et al. (2018) ‘The pregnancy-related anxiety scale: A validity examination using Rasch analysis’, Journal of Affective Disorders, 236, 127–135